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Piglets, Price and Profit: Start-up Piggery Business(4-min read)

It feels good to go back to livestock investments.

Piglets by A. Sparrow, on Flickr

Years ago I dabbled into (very) small-time cattle (e.g. cow) raising, with me providing my uncle (some) capital to purchase (just) one cow (for trial purposes) while he takes care of raising it, feeding it and selling it afterwards (once grown into marketable size). We’re supposed to split what’s left of gross sale less other expenses (vaccines, medicine if necessary, etc). Food is not a problem for cows since there are vast grasslands (still) in Batangas. Unfortunately, I was forced to sell my share of the cow just after a few months to augment my emergency fundsNow, I’m raring to invest once more in cows. Target timeline: 2 months.

In the meantime, I’m trying a small-time piggery. Basically same set-up, I provide the start-up capital to purchase piglets while relatives take care of raising and eventually selling them. Caveat here is that they already have an existing piggery, as such permits and pigpens, waste management and supply chain are already established. I just come in as a small-time capitalist, to give them opportunity to raise a few more pigs for lesser cash out from their end.


According to reliable relatives, normally, mother pigs (inahin) or more formally, a sow, can give birth to around 8 to 10 piglets at a time. Some as high as 16 if sow (and the sperm-producing boar/hog (bulugan)) are healthy and the owner is lucky. After 2 months of breastfeeding and weaning, the piglets are now ready to be separated from the sow, and at this point, are now ready for sale to potential pig growers.
Given the number of piglet-siblings, sellers usually sell them as one group (hence around 8 to 10) so it’s more difficult to find sellers who are willing to sell just one or two or five piglets (in case your budget is only for that quantity). Also, mixing piglets from various mothers is not advisable as this causes quarrels and bullying among the piglets, against the minority (especially if they will be sharing the same pen). How do they know who’s the odd pig? Hog raisers say the piglets can tell via the bodily scent if the pig is from another mother.


How much does it cost? As of this writing, the trade prices in San Jose, Batangas is at Php235/135 for piglets. For the first 10kg, price per kilo is Php235. The excess to 10kg is priced at Php135 per kilo. The piglets we got averaged at 19kg (some as low as 16kg while one weighed 20kg), so at this average, each piglet costs Php3,565. Estimated cost for feeds is at Php1,050 per pig per month, and usually, pigs are mature and big enough for sale in 4 months time after purchase (which started at month 2, so total of 6 months). Estimated total cash out is Php7,765. 
Except for the gilt (grown female pig with no offspring) which takes a bit longer to be ready for breeding /impregnation and eventual giving birth (as a sow) to a new set of piglets. Usually growers leave one gilt and prepare it for multiple cycles of “pig-bearing.” Per Google, one gestation period or pregnancy cycle of a pig is 114 days or additional 4 months). With this, a new set of piglets may be raised at minimal cost (e.g. retainer/performance fee of the bulugan, or payment for its (fertile) blood donation).



Say a grown pig averages 90kg upon sale. Trade price as of this writing is at Php120 per kilo of live pig. Per kilo of pork meat (essentially a dead sliced pig) is higher given the mark-ups (butchering plus transportation costs, and less the weight of inedible parts). Anyway, if you sell a pig of 90kg at Php120 per kilo, that translates to Php10,800 gross sale. Less investment cost of Php7,765, net income is Php3,035. Split into two between financier and raiser, that’s Php1,517 or 19.5% ROI on the part of financier (=1,517/7,765). Note that labor cost of hog raiser is not accounted for here. Also, water and electricity costs (if any) are usually borne by the raiser. Php1,517 may seem peanuts to you but %-wise, that is a high ROI. And imagine if you have 10piglets, that’s Php15k in 4 months of passive income, your money (and relatives) working for you. Price per kilo of live pigs tend to fluctuate with the season, with Christmas season and Fiesta seasons commanding a slightly higher price per kilo given the higher demand.

Am I counting my chicks before they hatch, este my piglets before they grow into big, fat, healthy and heavy pigs? I hope not. Stay tuned for updates.
Don’t forget to grab a copy of our latest e-book #10Steps to a Richer Life. Find out why WISER PINOY = RICHER PINOY and be equipped on your journey to financial freedom. Also available, Money Management Modules (#3M), contains more than 30 interactive modules, self-assessment, templates and calculators. Click here to know more.
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Photo: Piglets by  A. Sparrow

Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License


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112 thoughts on “Piglets, Price and Profit: Start-up Piggery Business(4-min read)

  1. Sir, just began investing with 12 heads.i am relying to my relatives and i want also to have a knowledge about it. What will be the correct kind of feeds for the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th month? Thank you so much in advance.

  2. Sir,

    Nasubukan ko na po ung ganyang business. I've tried ung Fattening of 10 piglets and also tried the sow. Unfortunately, hindi ako magsucceed. Maybe bago lang kc aq sa business. Lage ako lugi o di kaya breakeven lang. Bakit po kaya ganun? pwede po ba malaman ung opinion nyo for this? Thanks po

  3. Hi Rod, congratulations on your sale soon. As Lance suggested below, best to try in a slaughterhouse nearby, or if not maybe the wet market selling pork is also a good place to start. I sold mine using a broker though (yup there are brokers sometimes) who knows of demands for fresh pork. But I don't know the broker personally, only my relatives do, and their quite far from you anyway (San Jose, Batangas).

  4. Tsong, subukan mo kaya mag inquire sa Slaughter house, dun panigurado may makikita kang naghahanap ng mabibiling makakatay na baboy 🙂


  5. Hello Guys,
    I starter small piggery as well, I start 10pcs and they are ready to sell, do you have any idea guys where I can sell them all in one time. I’m looking dealer who I can supply them regularly because I’m planning to expand my small piggery. I’m from Laurel Batangas near in Taliasay then Tanauan Batangas. I hope someone can me idea. Thanks a lot


  6. hi Geri.. Thanks for this very informative post.. im starting my own small scale piggery..3 pigs to be exact..just like yours, i will be letting my relative took care of it however im getting nervous right now and worried since this will be my first time to be in any type of business.. As of right now im just living to the phrase ” BUSINESS IS A GAMBLE”..

  7. Thanks Gerard. What investment are you considering? If it's a piggery like this one, estimate is PHP8K per pig and excluding the cost, if any, of permits, pig pen etc.

  8. Good article, I would also like to ask, how much php is needed to start a small investment? I plan to start small and would like to expand. Any tips for a newbie? Hungry for info here!

  9. Hi,

    My name is Jacob Kekea, from Solomon Islands.
    Living in Guadalcanal, 20 mins drive from the capital Honiara. I've been impressed on the information. I have bought two crossbreed piglets for the last nine months. Out of the two, I was lucky and got seven piglets now for the last two weeks. I used millrun mixed with local waste food for my feed. Can any one help me out on what feed to used. I would like to get into small business.

  10. Nice article! Thank you for this informative write up. Saw a glimpse of what (how much) to expect when it comes to costing.

  11. Yes they sell piglets and they are based in San Jose, Batangas. Leave me your contact details via private message in case you are interested.

  12. Wow you have a lot! Congratulations. Actually we bought the piglets from a relative in Batangas who's into feedmills business as well. So we source all the feeds from them too. Busilac Feedmills is the name. So far we are spending 1.2k per pig per month so we might just be the same.

  13. i am also starting business like yours in cebu.. i haved now 2 sows n 15 fatteners. what feeds can you suggests so i can get less. i send php15k up/month just for feeds..

  14. Excellent site you have here.. It’s difficult to find good quality writing like yours these days. I honestly appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!
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  15. Excellent post – thanks for the information. I would really appreciate it if you can read my Business For Sale article and give feedback and reviews. Thanks once again for this outstanding post.

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